The World Health Organization (WHO) Information Centre on HPV and Cervical Cancer states the incidence of cervical cancer in Nepal is 24.2 per 100,000, making Nepal a country with one of the highest rates of cervical cancer in the world. Although Nepal currently suffers from a heavy burden of cervical cancer, there is no official WHO estimate of the distribution of HPV in Nepal.
Nepal Fertility Care Center, in conjunction with the University of Alabama at Birmingham, is one of the first organizations in Nepal to investigate the prevalence and social determinants of HPV infection and HPV risk behavior in Nepali women outside of Kathmandu. Previous studies estimate the prevalence of high-risk HPV types in other South Asian countries to be as high as 14% in the general adult population. However, data on high-risk HPV types are not yet available for the general population of Nepal and there is no national cancer registry. In an effort to learn more about the Nepali epidemic of HPV, Nepal Fertility Care Center and the University of Alabama at Birmingham are currently investigating the prevalence of HPV in Nepal’s five development regions. The information gained through this study will help clinicians to better understand the unique risk factors underlying HPV infection in Nepali women, which in turn, will help facilitate the understanding of how HPV is disseminated throughout Nepal’s 29 million citizens.
Presentation at the 28th International Papillomavirus Conference Puerto Rico(Evidence of a Hidden Epidemic of Sexually Transmitted Diseases and Unknown Risk Factors among Married Women in Kathmandu, Nepal)